Congo beans, the most popular, and stone beans, the most resistant, maybe the key to food security in Cape Verde, where the massive importation of food has altered the local diet with impacts on the health of the populations.
This is the conclusion of a study led by Anyse Pereira, Master in Molecular Genetics and Biomedicine of the NOVA School of Science and Technology, recently published in the scientific journal ‘The Conversation’. This work is part of a broader research project on the valorization of Cape Verde's natural resources that the scientist is developing.
"With the modernization of transport and globalization, there is a substitution of the usual menu for processed foods that are often much less nutritional and require much more work until they reach the plate", explained the researcher. The scientist added the dependence on food imports puts Cape Verde “in a vulnerable situation” with regard to food security, a heightened vulnerability with the covid-19 pandemic, in a country that depends heavily on tourism.
The research looked at how vegetables can help prevent and combat food insecurity, concluding beans grown in the archipelago are "an excellent" and "relatively inexpensive" source of essential nutrients and minerals. The work resulted in a list of vegetables used as food, data on their distribution in the archipelago and in the world, as well as a more specific assessment of the species consumed and traded on the island of Santiago, the largest and most populous in the country.
According to Anyse Pereira, all this knowledge can be employed in the implementation of public policies and in the design of strategies for the conservation and enhancement of the country's natural resources.
Cabo Verde. Cientista estuda potencial dos feijões na segurança alimentar (Notícias ao Minuto)